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An old Cherokee is teaching his grandson about life. "A fight is going on inside me," he said to the boy.


"It is a terrible fight and it is between two wolves. One is evil—he is anger, envy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego." He continued, "The other is good—he is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith. The same fight is going on inside you—and inside every other person, too."

The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, "Which wolf will win?"

The old Cherokee simply replied, "The one you feed."

First People - The Legends. Cherokee Legend of Two Wolves. November 16, 2004. [accessed April 7, 2012].

Sunday, November 23, 2014

Roman punch (Ponche a la romaine) - Recipe from November 1889

THE FAMOUS ROMAN PUNCH.
How a Drink Made Exclusively for the Pope Became General.

             The history of ponche a la romaine is curious. It has been the summer refreshment of successive popes for over 80 years, and their chefs were threatened with all kinds of cars and punishments if they ever divulged secrets of its preparation. When Napoleon invaded Italy in 1796 this terrible interdict was broken through. A son of Pius VI's chief confectioner, by name Molas, as soon as he found the French were conquerors, ran away from his father and united his fortunes with them. The young man became the favorite servant of the Empress Josephine, and after her death became cook to the Russian Prince Lieven [Prince Christoph Heinrich von Lieven (1774–1838)], whom he accompanied to London when that Prince was appointed ambassador to the Court of St. James. This Russian first made this papal beverage in London by introducing it at the Prince's table. The Prince Regent asked for the recipe and permitted copies to be given to a select few of his friends, and by degrees it became better known, and is now well known all over the world.

            The original Vatican recipe is:
"Prepare a very rich pineapple or sherbet; have it a little part with lemon juice, taking the greatest care that none of the zest or oil from the yellow rind, with the bitterness from the white underlying pith, be allowed to enter into the composition of this sherbet. In order to be certain of this it is better, first, to grate off the yellow rind from the lemons, then to carefully remove all the white pith and to make assurance doubly sure, washed the skin that fruit in clear water; after which press out the juice free from the rind of the fruit; strain the juice so as to remove all the seeds or pips from it; then add to it the pineapple mixture. It must be then very well frozen. This sherbet, being very rich, will not freeze hard, but will be a semi-ice. Just before the punch is to be served add and work into it for every quart of the ice one gill of Jamaica [rum]; and for every two quarts one pint of the best champagne. Never use the wine from damaged bottles or leaky corks, as it will be sure to deprave and perhaps entirely spoil your punch. After you have well incorporated these liquors add cream or meringue mixtures." —  Anerucab Analyst.[1]




[1] The New Haven Evening Register.  11-22-1889.  page 1. New Haven, Connecticut.
Transcribed by John Peter Thompson 23rd November 2014.

Sunday, November 02, 2014

Seasonable Recipes from Emma Paddock Telford - November 8, 1914, The Sunday Star, Washington, DC

Sunday Menu
November 8th, 2014
The Sunday Star
Washington, DC


SEASONABLE RECIPES [1]  

Roast Forequarter of Lamb or Mutton

            Take out the shoulder blade, leg and backbones, and any bits of membrane, white with a damp cloth and rub lightly with salt and pepper.  Fold into shape and tie securely. Put into a kettle of boiling salted water to cover and skim carefully, as the scum arises. Simmer gently, turning over occasionally until the meat is nearly tender. Drain and place in a baking pan. Dredge with flour, salt and pepper, and bake until brown and crisp, basting frequently with some of the water from the capital and a little tomato.

            When the meat is real Brown, remove it to a hot platter and keep hot while the gravy is made.  Stir into the fat in the pan two tablespoonfuls of flour, and stir and scrape the glaze from the sides of the pan. When browned add two cups of water from the kettle in which the meat was cooked, or half water and half tomato, season to taste with salt and pepper and serve in the sauce boat with the meat.  When baked or mashed potatoes or macaroni with cheese are served with it, one need not ask a better dinner.

Macaroni Milanese.

            The macaroni as usual, or cold water through it and return to the kettle. Pour over it a cup of milk and reheat. Butter a pudding dish and put into it, in alternate layers, the macaroni and grated cheese, seasoning with a little more salt and a few grains of cayenne. Put plenty of bits of butter on top, cover with fresh, rich milk, cover and bake 15 or 20 minutes.  Uncover and brown.

Preserved Quinces.

            Do not try to preserve quinces until they begin to turn yellow. When ready to "put up," rub off the firm with a coarse towel, pare, core and quarter, dropping the pieces in cold water to prevent discoloration. Save cores and parings in a separate vessel to use in making jelly. Put two layers of the quince quarters in the preserving kettle, cover with cold water and cook over a slow fire until the fruit is tender. When done, skim out and lay on a platter to cool. Put in more quinces and repeat this process until all are cooked. Strain the water in which they were boiled, and to every point of juice allow three-quarters of a pound of sugar. Boil gently for 10 minutes, skim and add his many quinces as the sirup [sic]  will cover. Boil about 30 minutes, or until the quinces turned a dark, rich red. Lift out with a silver spoon, and drop, piece by piece, into wide-mouthed glass jars that have been set in a basin of hot water to prevent breaking. When filled, that the sirup[sic] boil a little longer, then pour over the fruit until the juice runs down the side of the can. Seal. Sweet apples may be used with the quinces, using one-third quartered apples to two-thirds quince. Do not make the mistake of boiling quinces in the sirup[sic] before cooking or steaming them tender. Sugar hardens uncooked quinces. If you have any sirup[sic] left after the cans are filled, let it cook a little longer, then pour into small classes. This makes a delicious jelly.

Quinces With Cider and Molasses, Colonial Style.

             Pare and halve the quinces, removing the cords. Boil them in sweet cider in till tender, then strained through a sieve. For five pounds of quinces take a quart of molasses, a pound of brown sugar and the water in which the quinces were cooked. And the whites of two eggs, bring to a boil, remove from the fire and skim. Continue to boil and skim until perfectly clear, then take off the fire, cool, put in the quinces and cook until tender. If there is not sirup[sic] to cover them full and plenty, add more cider . Orange peel or a few slits of green ginger boiled in the sirup[sic] is a pleasant flavor.
Pumpkin Chips, a Colonial Sweetmeat.
            Select a good, sweet pumpkin (the old Connecticut field pumpkin is best), halve it, take out the scene constrained and cut as large a portion as you wish to preserve in chips about the size of a dollar [coin]. To each pound of the pumpkin allow a pound of fine white sugar and two tablespoonfuls of lemon juice. The chips in a deep dish and sprinkle each layer with sugar. Stir in the lemon juice over the whole. Let this remain for a day, then boil the whole together with a cup of water allowed to teach three pounds of pumpkin, a tablespoonful of ground ginger tied in bags and the shredded yellow peel of the lemons. As soon as the pumpkin is tender turned the whole into a stone crock and said it in a cool place for a week. At the end of that time for the sirup[sic] off the chips, boiled down to a six sirup[sic], then pour back and seal.
      
Boiled Cider Time.

            This is an old New England dessert the love of many. Allow to five tablespoonfuls of rich sirupy[sic], boiled down cider five tablespoonfuls of moist maple sugar and let it come to a boil. Beat two si eggs and pour the hot sirup[sic] over them, returning to the fire for two or three minutes but stirring all the time. And a half cup of seeded raisins and a half teaspoonful of grated nutmeg. Line a pie plate with a good crust, pour in the mixture, got the top with a few bits of butter, then cover with a top crust or not as preferred. If not top crust is used, meringue may be substituted. Beat the whites of two eggs in a stiff froth with two tablespoonfuls of sugar. As soon as the pie is baked and cool for about five minutes, spread the meringue over the top, then return to the oven, which should be cooled down to puff slowly and turn a golden brown. If the oven is still too hot when the high is ready to go in, leave the door open.

Cream of Pumpkin Soup.

            Slice a ripe, small pumpkin into pieces enough to fill a quart measure. Put into a saucepan with a kind of cold water, and season with a teaspoonful each of salt and sugar, a half teaspoonful of pepper and a few springs of parsley and sweet marjoram. Cover the pan and simmer gently for an hour and a half, stirring frequently. Strain through a colander to exclude the skin, and then through a finer since. Put the purrce back into the pan, sprinkle over it a heaping teaspoonful of flour and mix thoroughly. Pour over it, stirring all the time, a quart of hot milk. Add a tablespoonful of butter, and simmer 15 minutes. Then add a cup of rich cream and a teaspoonful of minced parsley. Heat, but do not allow it to boil. Serve hot with toasted crackers.

EMMA PADDOCK TELFORD[2]    
           
  




[1] The Sunday Star. 11-08-1914. page( 79).  Washington (DC), District of Columbia.
Transcribed by John Peter Thompson, 2nd November 2014.

[2] Born 1851, Emma Paddock knew Harriett Tubman well enough to write a tribute to her. Emma Paddock Telford was the author of Good Housekeeper's Cook Book (1908 rev. 1914) 


Saturday, November 01, 2014

Preparing for Thanksgiving 100 years ago - Shortcuts for Housekeepers, The Sunday Star, 1914, Washington, DC

How to get ready for Thanksgiving -
Choosing a Turkey and Making Pumpkin pie
November 8, 1914, The Sunday Star, Washington, DC



Short Cuts for Housekeepers

Preparing for Thanksgiving.
    A LITTLE thought and proper distribution of tasks will enable a woman single-handed to give the Thanksgiving dinner successfully. Washday should be omitted this week and Monday devoted to putting the pantry to rights, making a list of needed supplies, seeing that utensils, silver, salts, peppers and other equipment are polished and in order. The upstairs cleaning can be done for the week.

            Tuesday, the dining room and living room may receive a thorough cleaning. In the afternoon some of the cooking can be begun. Mince meat can be prepared, as it should stand to ripen before being made up into pies. Chopped prunes may be used in place of so many raisins. The beef should be cooked until perfectly tender and the stock in which it is cooked reduced to a jellylike consistency. Let the beef cool in the stock in which it has been cooked. When ready to use the mince meat add a little cider to moisten.

            Tuesday afternoon bread should be made, candies and other confections prepared, mayonnaise made if it is to be used, and soup stock boiled, to be cleared the next day.
*
**
            Wednesday should define nearly three-quarters of the dinner finished, leaving for Thursday only matters that cannot stand and wait. Pies and cranberry jelly should be made first. Vegetable dishes that allow for reheating can be prepared and disposed of in advance. These are just a few hints for getting through the work of preparation early.

            When selecting a turkey look at the skin to see if it is moist and delicate, without bruises and discolorations. See if the feet are smooth and yellow, for an old fowl has coarse skin and hairs, while the feet and legs are dark, with hard scales. He'll of the turkey to be sure that it is having in proportion to its size; otherwise there will be a large proportion of bone. In a young turkey breastbone is pliable. Although the turkey may have been [cleaned] by the butcher, carefully wipe it inside and out with a cloth wrung from hot water. Lay it in water, as that will draw out the juices. Cut off the links below the joint, trimmed the next, leaving an inch or so of it to turn and fastened with a skewer. Wash the giblets in soda and water. Cut the outer skin of the gizzard with a sharp knife and peel off without breaking the inner sack. Throw away the inner part and lay the outer part in salted or soda water. There are many different kinds of dressings used in turkey, among which are sausage, chestnut, oyster, cracker, veal or breadcrumbs. Whatever kind you use, do not stuff turkey too full, as this will cause dressing to be soggy.

            A pumpkin for pies should not be too large, as the fiber is not always fine in the largest ones. First, cut the pumpkin into pieces with a large mest or carving knife. The work will be easier if you have a board on which to cut the pumpkin, and drive the knife with the aid of a hatchet. Pare the pieces and cut into inch squares. If you have never tried steaming pumpkin for pies, do so. It quickly cooks the pumpkin and leaves it perfectly dry, smooth and easy to mash. If boiled, it must be boiled down, then drained. A watery pumpkin, or a stringy one will not make a good pie.
*
**
          When making pumpkin pies, use plenty of eggs, fresh milk and enough cinnamon or spices to destroy the pumpkin flavor. A tiny tasting too strongly of pumpkin is not good. The following is a good recipe: One quart of, one cup of sugar, two eggs, two tablespoons of cornstarch, half a teaspoon each of cinnamon and allspice, one-fourth teaspoonful of cloves and one-fourth nutmeg. Stir altogether. Pick the seed end of the cloves off if you do not want your pies dark. Let two cups of sweet milk gets boiling hot, then pour it in the pumpkin, stirring well. This is enough for four pies. Line the pans with a good pie paste, filled with the pumpkin and bake with one crust. Pumpkin pie without crust is delicious. Prepare the pumpkin in the usual way, then butter the pie tins, and sprinkle granulated corn meal thinly over the tins, leaving no bare spots. Pour in the mixture and bake.

            Cranberries should be washed, and covered with water and boiled until tender. Strain through a fine sieve, bring again to the boiling point and add a pound of sugar to each pint of juice. When this has dissolved, pour it into molds.

            To make a crust for a cranberry pie, stir one–half cup of butter with three tablespoonfuls of sugar to a cream, and one whole egg and stir well: then stir in one and one-half cups of flour with one teaspoonful of baking powder. Press with the fingers on the tin until all covered and bake in a hot oven. When cold, put in your cranberry sauce, then whipped cream on top.[1]



[1] The Sunday Star.; Date: 11-08-1914; Page: 79;  Washington (DC), District of Columbia

Transcribed by John Peter Thompson 1 November 2014.

Friday, October 31, 2014

Halloween in Washington,DC 1890 - The Evening Star


ALL HALLOWEEN

How it is Celebrated by the Boys and Young Girls.

TRICKS PLAYED UPON HOUSEHOLDERS AND PEDESTRIANS – HOW TO ASCERTAIN ONES FUTURE HUSBAND OR WIFE – HOW A MAIDEN CAN HAVE HER FORTUNE REVEALED TO FOR IN A STREAM.

                 Tomorrow is All Saints' day and tonight being All Halloween the young folks will no doubt do their celebrating as usual.

                 All Halloween is the evening preceding All Hallow day – – properly called All Saints' day. Hallow–tide is a comprehensive name for both days. There is scarcely any time more distinguished than this by the common people throughout the British Files. This is probably owing to the fact of November 1 having been one of the four great festivals of their pagan ancestors. It was formally celebrated by the immense bonfires in Wales, Ireland, the Scotch Highlands and even in England; in the latter place up to a very recent. And occasionally at the present time. The custom also prevails at present among the Welsh people who still practice superstitious rites for defining the future.

                 In Ireland particularly st1 November is regarded as the proper time to offer thanks for the realize fruits of the earth. The Irish in this regard call it La Mas Ubhal - that is, the day of the Apple fruit, and celebrated with seat of roasted apples mixed in – AL or milk. Chas. Graydon, the Irish poet, very aptly describes one favorite practice thus:
These glowing nuts are emblems true
Of what in human life review:
The mismatched couple fret and fume,
And thus in strife themselves costume.
Or see the happy, happy pair.
Of generous love and truth sincere.
With mutual fondness whole they burn,
Still to each other totally turn:
Till life fears or deal being passed,
Their mingled ashes rest at last.
                 Halloween has always been the occasion of an enjoyable time in Christian countries. The performance of spells by young people to discover their future partners for life has been one of the most popular usages, as well as fireside reveries, such as cracking nuts, dunking for apples and other enjoyments. It is the night when witches, evil spirits and other mischief making been our abroad on their midnight journeys, and when the fairies are supposed to hold their grand anniversary. The custom of celebrating Halloween's night is still kept up and the evil-spirited boys, as well as the fair maidens, take part in the celebration.   

THE SMALL BOYS FUN

                 Whether witches, devils in other evil spirits go about on their baneful errands or not is probably a question of belief for those who study such things; but certainly if they do not the small boys take their place on earth, while the maidens take the places of the fairies and give parties and social gatherings for their friends. The mischievous boys were among the foremost of the merrymakers, but as boys will they generally carried [sic] their amusement so far as to make them objectionable. Bonfires was [six] the general order of the occasion when the city streets were not concreted and when large vacant lots were more numerous than they are now. When their material became exhausted and the fires could no longer be kept up the little demons turned their attention to their favorite pastime of the occasion, which was to annoy their neighbors in various ways, such as to tie the dead bodies of small animals on front doors, or ring doorbells and help persons answering the Bell with cabbages or some other objectionable article. Sometimes live animals were used, when dead ones were scarce, and it was not an unusual happening to be awakened after midnight by the helping dog that the boys had tied to the door bell.

THE SHOWER OF FLOUR

                 In these days the boys consider themselves as boys no longer, and they turned their attention to the social gatherings, while some of the older young men have gone back to some of the pranks that were formerly played by young America. Particularly does this apply to the throwing of flour about the street. During the past few years in the city this form of amusement has them lighted many parties of young men and cause merriment to persons on the street other than those who happen to fall victims [sic].

                 In the first place some preparation is made as a security against the police, and that is often done by turning the coat inside out and wearing a slouch hat turned in the same manner. There are some who do not care to risk this, and they used burnt cork on their faces. When once disguised in this manner each of the party takes a bag of flour and they start out to turn black into white, and before the night is over they generally succeed, even if they also succeed in getting in the lock-up. Colored persons are generally the victims selected, because the flower shows more plainly and with better affect on their faces, while a well-dressed white man would not get slighted should he in his travels meet the crowd that is out for a night's enjoyment.

SERENADING PEDESTRIANS.

                 Some of the smaller boys seem to find enjoyment in serenading pedestrians with dead animals or soft vegetable matter, such as decayed apples, tomatoes and potatoes. The changing of signs from one place of business to another was also indulged in to a great extent, and on the morning of All Saints' day many persons, from outward appearances were unable to tell whether they were keeping a drugstore, a barbershop or a liquor saloon.

                 Another, and one of the most annoying, pranks of the boys was to take a shutter from a house and put it against the front door of the same house, or of one of the neighboring dwellings, and then ring the bell, so that the person who opened the door would either get the weight of that section of the house upon them or would be put to the trouble of removing the obstacles in order to close the door.

BOPPING FOR APPLES

                 is probably one of the oldest customs in connection with the celebration and it still plays a part in the day festivities attending and All Halloween party. The apples, placed in a time of water, must all have stems, as it is by the stem alone that the apple is permitted to be taken from the water,

                 A trick, amusing to all except one of the party, is played with two plates and the peculiar in doing requires it to be performed in a dark room. A basin of water, a piece of soap and a towel are also required at the ending. Two rooms are also needed. In one there must be no light, while in the other a dim light is all that is required. The fortuneteller takes his or her position in the room where the light is dimmed and the person who is anxious to learn something of their future partner goes into the other room. A plate is on a table in either room, the one in the dark room being black and over a gas jet or smeared with such from the stove pipe. The maneuvering of the fortuneteller has to be followed by the one who is endeavoring to peer into the future. The result is shown by a glance in the looking glass.

NAMING CHESTNUTS

                 chestnuts are named and roasted, and the one that "pops" first is the name of the lucky or unlucky one, as the case may be.

                 At such gatherings it is customary for the host to bake a cake and have a gold ring placed in it. When refreshments are served the person doing the honors cup the cake and passes and about the table. The ring has to be in one of the slices, and the one who gets it, tradition has it, be the first in the party to wed.

WHAT THE GIRLS DO.

                 There are many other interesting method of telling Fortune on such occasions and the final scene is done when the male members of the party have gone to their homes and the and the maidens prepare to their rooms. When the light is extinguished they are supposed to fold one of their garments and repeat the following:

"Hallee'n night I go to bed,
I put my petticoat under my head,
To dream of the living and not of the dead,
And dream of the one who I am to wed."

                 Sunday is All Souls' day, which, is a day set aside to commemorate all the faithful departed. It is a holiday that is observed in the Roman Catholic churches in this country, while in some other countries it is observed by other denominations, who remember the dead by strewing flowers on their grades. This service follows All Saints day, when festivities are held in honor of the saints and angels in heaven.[1]






           



[1] The Evening Star.; Date: 10-31-1890Washington (DC), District of Columbia

Transcribed by John Peter Thompson, October 31, 2014.

Saturday, October 25, 2014

"Go ahead — and do not tarry" - Poetry from The Planters' Advocate, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County Oct 26, 1853

Go ahead — and do not tarry,
Nought [sic] is gained by standing still;
When though you at times miscarry,
Let not fears your bosom fill.
Search the causes of your errors,
Gather wisdom from the past,
To the win give the terrorists,
And you'll get ahead at last.

Go ahead — it useful doings
Let your motto be "I'll try;"
He who ever is despairing,
Bankrupt hearts and hopes are nigh.
What know you and wealth be strangers —
Onward, upward be your aim,
And that those real or fancied dangers,
Soon you'll put to flight or shame.

 Go ahead — the world reforming,
In civil, moral, freedom's name,
All those forts and outposts storming,
Which your enemies they claim.
You know bulwarks, take no quarter,
Compromise no cherished right,
Freedoms treasure never barter,
Stand for them with all your might.

Go ahead, then Go ahead — don't defer it,
Lifes short span soon flips away;
If you to finish aught of merit,
You must supply your task to-day.
Sent the ball in instant motion,
To keep it going, strains each nerve,
Nor doubt that ultimate promotion
Will yield the laurels you deserve.[1]



[1] Planters' Advocate, Upper Marlboro, Maryland, October 26, 1853.
Maryland State Archives. Planters' Advocate Collection. MSA SC 3415.
msa_sc3415_scm3596-0031

Transcribed by John Peter Thompson, October 25, 2014.

Elections in Prince George's County Can be Contentious and Deadly in September 1820

Daily National Intelligencer; Date: 09-26-1820


            The Electioneering contest is very warm in some of the counties in the state of Maryland; and the public meetings for discussing the merits of the candidates, and the political questions on which the election hinges, are frequent, and numerous Lee attended. Sometimes, as will happen when people are excited by the occasion, and a little heated by what they have drank [sic], quarrels ensue. One of these took place at a muster of Col. Crauford's regiment in Prince George's county {sic], last Thursday; when a person of the name of Richardson was killed by a kick or a blow from another man.[1]



[1] Colonel David Crauford, III  Kingston in Upper Marlboro, Maryland

Kingston, or Sasscer's House, is a 1 1⁄2-story historic home located in Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, Marylands. It is believed to be the oldest building remaining in the town of Upper Marlboro and may have been built, at least in part, before 1730. Many alterations and additions made to it in the Victorian era, including "gingerbread" details typical of this era. The Craufurd family cemetery is located in the woods northwest of the house. Kingston was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.


Article transcribed from: Daily National Intelligencer; Date: 09-26-1820; Volume: 8; Issue: 2404; Page: [3]; Location: Washington (DC), District of Columbia by John Peter Thompson, October 25, 2014

6. GENERAL VIEW PERSPECTIVE, FROM NORTH - Sasscer's House,Old Crain Highway Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, MD

  • Digital ID: (None) hhh md0839.photos.083394p http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/hhh.md0839/photos.083394p
  • Reproduction Number: HABS MD,17-MARBU,7--6
  • Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Wednesday, October 08, 2014

Prince George's Philharmonic Interview with soloist Mariam Adam - Concert follows Beyond the Battle Symposium Oct 11 2014

In partnership with the Beyond the Battle Symposium (see more below the interview with the evening's clarinet soloist from the Philharmonic's newsletter) our very own Prince George's Philharmonic will be offering the following program;

 Saturday, October 11, 2014 - 8:00 p.m.

Bowie Center for the Performing Arts, Bowie, MD 

Charles Ellis, conductor - Mariam Adam, clarinet

Rossini                   Overture to Tancredi
Mozart                   Clarinet Concerto in A Major, K. 622
Wagner                  Siegfried’s Rhine Journey from Götterdämmerung
Rodgers                 Victory at Sea: Symphonic Scenario for Orchestra
Beethoven             Wellington’s Victory

A concert commemorating the War of 1812. Sponsored in part by the Anacostia Trails Heritage Area, Inc.

Single Ticket General Admission: $20, Seniors: $18, Age 18 and under free (ticket required). Single Tickets go on sale the night of the concert beginning at 7 pm, cash or check only. Tickets can be purchased in advance



MARIAM ADAM, clarinet

Mariam Adam, a native of Monterey, California is an internationally distinguished soloist and chamber musician. As one of the last students of legendary clarinetist, Rosario Mazzeo, she developed a colorful career on the west coast soloing with the Sacramento Symphony, Monterey County Symphony amongst others while still an undergraduate. Ms. Adam appeared as soloist with the Eastman Music Summer Festival, toured with Monterey Jazz Festival jazz ensembles (sometimes as the drummer) in Japan and North America, and received such awards such as the Hans Wildau Young Musicians Award, Sacramento Concerto Competition Winner, AFS Scholar, and Bank of America Artists Scholar before moving to the east coast for graduate studies at the Manhattan School of Music. She has since performed with Chamber Music Lincoln Center, Prussia Cove Festival in England, 92nd St. Y, Rockport Music Festival, Chenango Music Festival, Carmel Bach Festival, La Jolla Music Festival, Skaneateles Festival, Chamber Music Northwest as well as collaborations with such artists as Paquito D'Rivera and David Shifrin. 
As a founding member of the internationally acclaimed, TransAtlantic Ensemble (Clar, Vn, Pno) she has performed in Europe and the U.S., performing a wide range of music including that of Imani Winds' Jeff Scott and Valerie Coleman. As a soloist she has been invited to give recitals in Spain, Switzerland, and London, and she continues to collaborate with several international pianists celebrating music from different regions of the world. [http://www.allianceartistmanagement.com/artist.php?id=imaniwinds&aview=bio&bid=724]


Interview from Quarter Notes 

Quarter Notes:  Thanks so much, Ms. Adam, for taking the time to talk to us today.  We can hardly wait to play the wonderful Mozart Clarinet Concerto with you!  Can you start out by telling us a little about your training and your current career?

Mariam Adam:  I grew up in the Monterey area in California, an area very rich in cultural events and potentials.  I did my undergraduate work at University of the Pacific, and then entered the San Francisco Conservatory of Music.  I was very fortunate to be one of the last students of Rosario Mazzeo, who was then retired from the Boston Symphony and living in California.  After spending some time at the Aspen Music Festival, I headed for the East Coast and enrolled in the Manhattan School of Music.  That was about the time that Imani Winds was forming and I’ve been part of that quintet ever since.   It was also at that time that I knew that I would make my career as soloist and chamber musician rather than in a full orchestra.

QN:  And how did you make the connection with the Prince George’s Philharmonic?
MA:  The Imani Winds were playing in the Washington area a year or so ago, and Maestro Charles Ellis was in the audience.  I think he liked what he heard, and he contacted me afterwards, and asked me to consider playing the Mozart Clarinet Concerto with the Prince George’s Philharmonic.  I was delighted to accept the invitation!   I enjoy coming to Washington – we’ve played at the Library of Congress, Wolf Trap, and other places, and we’ll be playing at the Kennedy Center next spring. 

QN: And the Mozart Concerto?
MA: I love this concerto!  I hadn’t played it for a few years, so I was happy to get reacquainted with it.  I think that every true clarinetist has this concerto deep in his/her blood and bones, and it means more and more as one matures on the clarinet.  The first and third movements are like Mozart’s operatic conversations, and the second movement is just too beautiful to be described.

QN: And we can hardly wait to play it with you!  Do you have any other comments that might specially interest our audience and supporters?
MA: Well, I have to admit one rather amusing experience I had with the Mozart concerto.  I played it when I was in high school, and entered a competition, at which I was to play it with piano rather than orchestra.  I was then playing a B-flat clarinet, and had not yet performed on an A-clarinet.  The concerto was written in A, and that was what the pianist was playing.  For a moment before I realized what was happening, I was surprised by the dissonance, and marveled at Mozart’s modernity – but I was happily introduced to the A-clarinet, which I have fallen in love with.  Now I play both the B-flat and the A clarinet.

QN: A wonderful story!  Thank you so much – we very much look forward to playing this marvelous concerto with you on October 11th!




BEYOND THE BATTLE SYMPOSIUM
 
Bladensburg was more than a battlefield in the War of 1812.  What kind of place was Bladensburg during this era?  What was life like for its townspeople?  How did Bladensburg's residents, white and black, native born and foreign, interact in a time of dramatic political, social and economic change?  Find answers to these questions and more at the "Beyond the Battle: Bladensburg’s History in Context” symposium Saturday, October 11, 2014, 8:30am - 4:30pm at R. Lee Hornbake Library, University of Maryland, College Park.  Registration is $15 per person and includes lunch.
 
Register at 
http://pgheritage.wordpress.com/beyond-the-battle-symposium/
 
For more information please contact, 
dmcelrat@umd.edu or mike@arnoldandarnold.net
 
 
Scholars, community researchers and artists will share their work on Bladensburg in the era of the War of 1812.  Panel topics and speakers include: 
 
African Americans: Maya Davis, Mark Leone, Dennis Pogue
Archaeology: Richard Ervin, Donald Creveling, Noel Broadbent
Art and Interpretation: Peter Brice, Joanna Blake, Mark Hildebrand
Bladensburg in Detail: John Peter Thompson, Susan Pearl, Doug McElrath
Keynote Speaker: Alan Virta
 
A reception   will immediately follow the symposium at the new exhibit, Beyond the Batttle: Bladensburg Rediscovered, in the Hornbake Library Gallery.
 
This event is sponsored by Prince George's Heritage, Inc. with support from the Anacostia Trails Heritage Area.   Please visit our blog at 
http://pgheritage.wordpress.com/
Prince George's Heritage, Inc. is located at the Magruder House, 4703 Annapolis Road, Bladensburg, Md.  20710
 
Following the symposium, the Prince George's Philharmonic will perform music of the War of 1812 era on Saturday, October 11, 2014 - 8:00pm at the 
Bowie Center for the Performing Arts, Bowie, MD. at 8pm. Single price tickets are $20.  For more information 



please visit their website at www.pgphilharmonic.org


Monday, October 06, 2014

Planters' Advocate - Upper Marlboro, Maryland October 4, 1854

Selections from 
The Planters' Advocate 
Upper Marlboro, Maryland 
October 4, 1854[1]
——————
The Platform Announced!
            There was a grand No Nothing demonstration in front of the City Hall, in Washington on Wednesday last, whereat, among others, this VESPASIAN ELLIS, Esq., made a speech, defining the doctrines of his party, which of course are authoritative, in view of the position he is shortly to fill.
            "Judge Ellis, as the selected editor of the contemplated 'American Organ,' explained the principles which he intends to advocate, including opposition to the election of any man of foreign birth, or of an American Roman Catholic, to office. He was, he said, in favor of forever excluding men not born in this country from exercising the elective franchise, but, in deference to his friend, he would agree to fix the naturalization probation at 21 years. The meeting heartily endorsed his sentiments."
Tab Mr. Ellis formally represented Accomack County in the Virginia Legislature; subsequently he was appointed Judge of a Circuit Court in that State, and during Pres. Tyler's administration was sent aS cHARGE [SIC] to Nicaragua. He has always been considered a Democrat.
Shooting Case Near Bladensburg. —
            We are informed that on Saturday morning last two German from Washington, Christian and Henry Gantz, went on a gunning excursion near Bladensburg, where they trespassed upon the land of EDWARD W. DUVALL, Esq., by whom they were politely requested to leave; that they refused to do so, when he said something to the effect "that he would see if they could not be made to go," and turning towards his house, was deliberately shot in the left side by one of the intruders. They then marched off to Washington, where, in the afternoon, they were tracked to a larger[sic]-beer shop and arrested by officer GEO. W. NEWMAN, a blatant morgue, an officer TIMS, of the city. The wound was considered exceedingly dangerous, and Mr. Duvall was considered hopeless. He was still alive on Monday. Washington rowdies are beginning to be great test to the contiguous portions of this and other counties.          
$300 Reward
            RANAWAY from the subscriber, living near Upper Marlboro', Prince George's County, Maryland, on Monday, 28 August, 1854, Negro boy Alan who calls himself
ALLEN WEST
he is about 19 or 20 years of age; a bright mulatto: freckled face; straight hair; as a large scar on one of his wrists, caused by a cut; about 5 feet five or 6 inches in heighth.
            He has relations living in the Washington City. He has also a brother belonging to Richard B. B. Chew, Esq., a sister belonging to Thomas Talbertt, Esq., and his father belongs to Col. William D. Bowie, and stays at his "Bellfield Farm." I have reason to believe he is endeavoring to pass himself off as a white boy.
I will give the above reward for his apprehension, if taken out of Prince George's County —   or 180 Dollars, if taken in the said County — in either case he must be brought home, secured in jail, so that I get possession of him again.
                                                            CHARLES CLAGETT.
September 13, 1854 - tf 
"Gen. Cass Overheard."
            It is said that GEN. CASS[2], and a late gathering in Michigan, made a speech, wherein he affirmed his delight at his residence was in a free state, and "he did not, and never had, like consisting of Southern slavery," and made other declarations indicating sympathy with ultra northern in them and not much in keeping with his former profession. This has given rise to much comment, and the Richmond Enquirer, the leading Democratic Journal of Virginia, and thus lets into the veteran general:
            GEN. CASS might have moderated his language to suit the temper of his constituents, but it was scarcely allowable in him to sacrifice his principles even to the necessities of his position. At any rate he cannot expect the South to recollect only the brave words which he uttered in Washington, and to take for not the treacherous we can Tatian at Detroit. If his language be correctly given in the report of his speech, he has severed the last chord that bound him to the democracy of the South. Henceforth he must rank with Benton and Van Buren; as one who has insulted our feelings and betrayed our confidence. The weak attempt to serve two masters, to reconcile devotion to the Constitution with submission to abolitionism — an attempt to which he has persuaded by the suggestion of an undying ambition — has placed in with these illustrious apostates, in the limbo of lost and dishonored politicians.  
            Duration of the War. — A letter in the National Intelligencer speaking of the European War says, that "the policy of the Emperor Nicholas will be to protract this war; for the expense of carrying it on by the Allies is enormous. The English journals say that the British Government have already paid £4,000,000,($20,000,000) for transportation alone, and everything for both armies has to be sent to them. One item that they are shipping from France, is ten thousand head of cattle. If the czar will only draw himself within his shell like a terrapin, and let them bang their bootless blows upon him, they will soon get tired of the unprofitable and inglorious contest."[3]
           




[1] Maryland State Archives. Planter's Advocate Collection. MSA SC 3415. msa_sc3415_scm3597-0170

Transcribed by John Peter Thompson. [October 6, 2014].
[2] General, Governor, Senator, Secretary of State: https://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/people/cass-lewis 
[3] The Crimean War (October 1853–February 1856