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An old Cherokee is teaching his grandson about life. "A fight is going on inside me," he said to the boy.

"It is a terrible fight and it is between two wolves. One is evil—he is anger, envy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego." He continued, "The other is good—he is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith. The same fight is going on inside you—and inside every other person, too."

The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, "Which wolf will win?"

The old Cherokee simply replied, "The one you feed."

First People - The Legends. Cherokee Legend of Two Wolves. November 16, 2004. [accessed April 7, 2012].

Sunday, July 13, 2014

"Growth in Crime" The Politics of a Debate - July 14, 1858 - Planters' Advocate, Prince George's County, Maryland

For the Planters' Advocate
[Upper Marlborough, Prince George's County, Maryland]'

Growth of Crime.

            Is beginning to increase so rapidly and cheerfully that, unless in some way arrested and subdued, public peace and security will be in danger to an alarming extent, if not already so. But before any effective remedy can be applied, the proper causes must be ascertained, and when ascertained, removed at once and effectively. The delinquency and insubordination now so prevalent doubtless have various causes for their origins and force, but among the many that might be mentioned, we think the following are among the chief causes:
            First, we would mention parental neglect, on account of which great criminality is resting upon the parent. Parents do not only neglect to train up their children properly, but they actually trained them wrong. They do not only neglect to instill into their minds proper and correct principles, but teach them wrong and pernicious ones. They train them up to insubordination, contempt for parental authority, and a disregard for parental love and affection. The home education of the present day is radically and criminally wrong, and until this evil is corrected and parents bring up their children correctly, teach them subordination, to love what is right and despise that which is wrong, to lay the foundation of a christian [sic] education, and, in fine, to discharge a parents [sic] duty and obligation faithfully and conscientiously, better things can hardly be hoped for.
            Another source, is not our educational system is radically defective and should be thoroughly reformed. Much could be said on this point, because we do not think that the youth of the land receive that moral culture development, as well as intellectual, necessary to prepare them for the duties of the citizen, the christian [sic] and as a moral and intellectual being. We do not say that all our schools are thus so wretchedly defective, but some we are sure of. But our system of public schools should be so reformed and sent the youth may be thoroughly taught morally as well as intellectually. A christian [sic] education should be aimed at, and it should form the basis of all their attainment.
            Reformation in the public school system is much needed, and until we have better legislation, our youth will still receive a wrong education and be bad citizens, instead of good and useful. Another is intemperance. This is the most fruitful source of crime of all others, and should be removed at once. We anticipated a few years ago at the temperance cause would triumph, but our hopes are gone. Intemperance is on the increase, and what will be the condition of society on account of this abominable curse the present is a fair indication. Intemperance is the prime cause of nine-tenths of the evil which corrupt and ruined society. It ought to be removed and removed at once. We advocate a total, a final and an effectual removal of the cause which is so prolific in flooding the entire country with intemperance, crime, insubordination, disobedience to law, promotions of disorder and influence injurious to public morals, to public prosperity, and dangerous to public peace, security, the quiet of society and subversive of all good government, party spirit, too frequent popular elections, the speculation mania and idleness, are all injurious to public good. Brian will still continue to increase until the causes which produce it are effectually removed, offenders punished without favor or affection, and the supreme authority of the law upheld, maintained and respected. Public morals must be corrected by their causes being removed and offenders punished for their crimes before we can hope for, or expect the diminution of crime, and public peace and happiness prevail.            W.[1]

[1] Maryland State Archives. Growth of Crime. The Planters' Advocate. July 14, 1858. {accessed from the web July 13, 2014]

Transcribed by John Peter Thompson

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